Thursday, December 27, 2012

Before diagnosing STEMI, try to find a previous ECG!

A man in his 50's complained of typical chest pain.  Here is his ED ECG:

There is a Q-wave in V2, with ST elevation and hyperacute appearing T-waves in V2 and V3.  This is all but diagnostic for anterior STEMI.  The anterior STEMI equation should not, strictly speaking, be used, because the presence of a Q-wave makes STEMI very likely.

The physician was about to activate the cath lab.  However, he found out that the patient had been seen in the ED for chest pain 6 months prior, and had the following ECG:

Nearly identical to the first.  However, the first one has slight straightening of the ST segments in V2 and V3, which are suspicious.

The patient had been ruled out by serial troponins at the previous hospitalization.  He had not had an echocardiogram or any stress testing or angiogram.  The etiology of the abnormal baseline ECG is uncertain.  Is it due to a previous anterior MI?  Very likely.

Because there was no significant change, the cath lab was not activated.  Serial ECGs were recorded and showed no evolution.  The patient ruled out for MI by serial troponins, but, again, did not have a stress test or echocardiogram.

Lesson:

1. Always check old ECGs, if available, when there is a subtle ECG with possible STEMI.
2. Serial ECGs can help to clarify the situation.

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